by Jeff Sovern
Many localities require restaurants to post their health department grades at their entrance so diners can decide whether the restaurant is safe to patronize. One of my students, Vasilios D. Lolis, saw the picture below on Instagram. Can you spot the grade? (I lack the technical know-how to eliminate the caption)
This points up a problem with disclosures in general: the entity doing the disclosing often doesn't want the consumer to have the information and so does what it can to make the disclosure less salient.